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[英国留学】英国大学常用词语官方释义 - A glossary of terms
frank1226(2009/4/18 21:13:23)  点击:23396  回复:0  

信息选自由英国移民局提供并由英国的The Mindful Company Limited 公司出版的"HOW TO ARRIVE AND THRIVE IN THE UK"一书.

Recognition or approval of an educational institution by an official agency, association, or ministry of education as maintaining satisfactory standards. Accreditation affects the transferability of the institution's qualifications into further study or employment.

Academic year:
The period of learning either theoretical through formal instruction or specialised training. The
Academic year in the UK usually extends from June to April. It may be divided into semesters (higher education courses), tri-semesters (specialised courses such as MBA), or quarters (schools).

Admitted student:
A student who has joined the institution after being offered a place by the institution after a valuation of his/her completed qualifications as set for a specific course by the institution.

A qualification given as the student has successfully completed his/her modules (e.g.. B.Eng., B.Sc.,M.A., M.Sc.)

Case study:
Following of a real life example from beginning to end.

Combined studies:
Blending of subjects not available within a single course.

The grounds on which the buildings of the institution are located.

A title or rank conferred by the institution upon successful completion of the prescribed program of study.

A branch of administration of a college/university usually divided by subject (e.g. Mathematics
department) through which instruction in the field is given.

Distance learning:
A way of following a study package at desired time, place, and pace. Students need to submit coursebased works such as essay, case study, report etc. Short intensive training classes are usually conducted at fixed intervals where tutors and students can meet in a same place and discuss.

Dissertation writing:
Lengthy treatment of a subject submitted towards an academic degree.

Educational adviser:
Member of a faculty or an independent person hired by the institution that freely helps and advises the students on academic matters.

Subjects chosen freely to take credits towards their intended degree

Means to test the candidate's knowledge of a specific subject.

Field work:
Doing real life problems with the intention to achieve professional skills in a subject.

Financial Aid:
All types of money offered to a student as an aid to complete their studies.

Full time student:
A student who is enrolled in an institution and taking full load of courses.

Graduate Management admission test (GMAT):
An examination used by the institutions to assist in determining the eligibility of a student for admission to graduate business programs.

Graduate study:
The educational sequence following the completion of a Bachelor's degree and leading to a Masters degree.

Higher education:
Post-16 or post-secondary education.

International student:
Any registered student in an institution in the UK who is not a permanent resident of United Kingdom.

Lectures are intensive sessions in which a lecturer will typically talk through a lot of material. Students are expected to take notes - which will help you understand the contents of material as well as for future and further revision.

Oral presentations:
A technique to improve the verbal skills of the candidate. Usually this is expression of a person's opinion on a topic.

Open days:
Specific days during the academic year which offer an opportunity to have a chat with staff and students, explore the facilities available in the institution through guided campus and accommodation tours. Anyone can attend an institution's open days irrespective of whether you have applied or holding an offer or not.

Practical work:
A technique used to update professional skills of a candidate on a selected topic. It may take a
different form from conducting a small experiment in physics laboratory to executing a very large program running into number of pages in a computer laboratory.

Project work:
A piece of work where a candidate alone or in a group prepares a report based on analysis of the topic assigned or chosen.

Required as a precondition prior to taking a course in an institution. It's a way of ensuring the student possess suitable grounding on the subject that they wish to undertake.

A letter detailing an applicant's qualification, written by a professor or employer who knows the
applicant's character and work.

Report writing:
A way of presenting information after evaluating a topic or subject and drawing your own conclusions.

A form of accessing and discussing a specific topic using variety of communication means such as projectors, black boards, charts and speech.

Secondary school:
Generally refers to the years of formal education preceding the entry into a college or university.

A collection of modules.

An outline of the topics in an academic course to be followed.

A way of discussing an already prepared topic on a small group.

Undergraduate study:
The educational sequence following the completion of the secondary school and leading to a Bachelor degree.

An institution of advanced learning that offers various taught and research programmes.

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